The guava is a tropical fruit that supposedly originates from Mesoamerica and has been spread throughout the world because of its interactions with both animal and man. It was first dispersed through the area by animals that consumed the fruit and due to their droppings containing seeds it helped plant new trees all over the region. Man was when European explorers found the plant in the indigenous settlements of the New World and took them back to Europe where it quickly spread around the globe. Right now in many areas around the world, the guava is growing wild overrunning fields, pastures, and roadsides causing it to be considered a noxious weed marked for eradicate.
Guava unfortunately have a high glycemic index (GI) of 78 which means if not properly monitored it can lead to weight gain or a huge spike in blood sugar levels. However if the sweet fruit is consumed in the proper amounts it will have little to no impact on your blood sugar levels or weight. Like most fruits that greatly benefit your health, it is packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients which help prevent cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer, and type 2 diabetes.
The guava is an excellent source of vitamin A and C. A serving (1 cup) of the juicy fruit has: 112 calories, 2 grams of fat, 15 grams of sugar, 4 grams of protein, and 628% of the recommended daily value (DV) of vitamin C. Most of this nutrient is located in the outer thick rind rather than the central pulp. This helps the body develop resistances against viral infections, prevent cellular damage caused by free radicals, and scurvy. There is also 21% of the recommended DV of vitamin A in a single serving, which helps promote healthy mucus membranes and skin. This is linked to lowering the risk of developing respiratory diseases and keeping the skin healthier.
Within the guava there is a flavonoid called lycopene which has antioxidant properties and help maintain bone health (prevents arthritis and alleviate symptoms). The pink flesh of the fruit has double the amount of lycopene than tomatoes. Recent studies have shown that this substance may help prevent skin damage caused by UV rays and prostate cancer.
The delicious fruit is also a rich source of dietary fiber, 36% of the DV in one cup. Foods that are high in fiber usually have very minute effects on blood sugar levels. It also serves as a laxative which helps maintain a healthy digestive system and prevents colon cancer. We at diabetv hope you include the guava into your daily life; the fruit can be enjoyed in a myriad of ways. It can be used as marmalade, candies, baked goods, the list goes on. But as with most things in life, moderation is the key to a healthy lifestyle.