Corn or Maize originates from Mesoamerica where it has been in cultivation by the indigenous groups of the region for many centuries. It is also believed that without human interaction the grain would not exist. Corn does not grow in the wild; before becoming the modern day grain that is so well known worldwide, it started as a wild grass called teosinte. The cross-pollination to make corn was between the teosinte and an unknown plant. This quickly spread through all of South America due to trading between the Aztecs and Incas. It later spread throughout the world when Christopher Columbus explored the Americas.
While many diabetics have the misconception of avoiding starchy and carbohydrate filled foods such as corn, you should add the delicacies into your diet. In the right amounts the grain can bring incredible health benefits to a person’s body. Corn is packed with phytonutrients that provide antioxidant benefits, which vary depending on what type of corn you consume. Yellow corn contains high amounts of carotenoids, blue has unique anthocyanin antioxidants, and purple provides a particular acid called protocatechuic that boasts higher antioxidant benefits than the other varieties.
These nutrients help prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and type 2 diabetes. Corn is also well known for its pantothenic acid content which is linked to improving metabolic function and normalizing blood sugar levels. This means it would greatly benefit any diabetic diet, and further denounces the myth that corn is bad if you suffer from this terrible disease.
Recent studies have shown that corn is an excellent source of dietary fiber; 1 cup has 4.6 grams of fiber. This can lead to improvements in digestive health and reduce the risk of colon cancer. The grain also has many minerals with manganese being the most abundant inside it which further increases its antioxidant effects. These incredible health benefits can be added into any diet whether you are looking for a healthier lifestyle or just looking for weight loss.
A single cup of yellow sweet corn has a medium glycemic index and: 132 calories, 2 grams of fat, 5 grams of sugar, and 5 grams of protein. All of which can be enjoyed by anyone when consumed in moderation. However we strongly recommend eating blue corn due to recent reports showing that it has a lower glycemic index, less starch and more protein—but more fat—when compared to its yellow or white counterpart. For full nutrient retention we at Diabetv strongly recommend steaming the corn for full flavor.