Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by the body’s inability to produce or effectively use insulin. This occurs either when the beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed (type 1), or when the hormones they create are unable to properly transfer glucose (sugar) into the cells (type 2). When the body cannot utilize sugars derived from the food we consume, it accumulates in the bloodstream causing a number of problems.
Normally glucose is transferred into the cells by insulin which the pancreas produces. This is important because our body relies on this sugar to provide energy for all our biological systems. When this process cannot occur, the glucose remains in our bloodstream and our cells look for other ways to fuel their activity. This overabundance of sugar in our system results in a condition known as hyperglycemia, which can lead to an even more serious complication known as ketoacidosis ( typically type 1) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (typically type 2).
In order to prevent the occurrence of these dangerous health problems, diabetics need to regularly take medication, eat properly and exercise. How much they need depends on a variety of factors; the most important ones being what type of diabetes they have, personal health and family history. Above all, early detection is crucial for lessening the damage caused by this disease. In general, there are a few signs which indicate the occurrence of diabetes; they are as follow:
- Frequent urination
- Frequent Thirst
- Slow Healing
- Tingling sensations and pain in the extremities
- Blurry vision
- Constant feelings of hunger, even while eating.
- Weight loss
A doctor’s visit is recommended if you or anyone you know is experiencing many of these symptoms. We caution against self-diagnosis, as many of these signs can also be indicative of other health issues. Only a trained specialist will be able to properly asses if you have diabetes.